BALAJCZA checked: The Turkish Language

Data publikacji: 2020-05-25 16:15:57

Turkish (Turkish: Türkçe) is a language belonging to the group of Oghuz languages of the Turkic language family. It is the mother tongue for more than 83 million people around the world, making it the most widespread within its language family.

Turkish is used mainly in Turkey and Northern Cyprus, with smaller clusters of speakers found in Iraq, Greece, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Kosovo, Albania and other parts of Eastern Europe. Turkish is also used by many immigrants in Western Europe, especially in Germany. Turkish is divided into many dialects; TRT Turkish (Istanbul) is considered the standard one and basis of the literary language.

And here are some interesting facts about Turkish language:

Turkish is an agglutinative language, which means that words are created by adding affixes to the core of the word that express e.g. negation, mode, person or tense.

When it comes to the alphabet and pronunciation, they usually do not cause major problems. Turkish alphabet has been based on the Latin alphabet since 1928. In Turkish there are 29 sounds, which in many cases sound similar to Polish ones.

Turkish is a language with clear rules and very few exceptions.

There is no verb "have" in Turkish. Instead of "I have a car," they say: "it is/this is my car." ("Benim arabam var").

In Turkish, pronouns in the second person are used depending on the degree of intimacy, courtesy, social distance and age.

There is no grammatical gender (male, female, neuter).

The accent usually falls on the last syllable.

In Turkish, apart from grammar, non-verbal communication, including gestures, is of vast importance. In addition, Turks when talking "click with their tongue" a lot (for example, triple click means lack of approval). You can often hear "yaaa" in conversations [Off yaaa], which can indicate boredom or reaction to bad news or, on the contrary, "vay vaaay" that is a reaction expressing great satisfaction, excitement.

Polish language includes many words taken from the Turkish, which are still used on an everyday basis (words such as bazar, bakalie, filiżanka, dywan, tabun, bulić).

Sourcepl.wikipedia.org; podroze.onet.pl

 

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